Aber wie sieht die Zukunft des Bitcoin und der Bitcoin-Technologie, der Blockkette, aus, wo liegen die Konfliktlinien? Werden wir weiter in Richtung einer noch stärkeren Zentralisierung in Richtung eines Bankenstaates steuern oder werden sich die libertären Kräfte durchsetzen, die für eine Dezentralisierung eintreten? Die beiden Autoren diskutieren verschiedene Szenarien, wie es weitergehen könnte, wenn alles so weiterläuft wie bisher. Wird sich der Bitcoin als Währung durchsetzen, wird es eine Konkurrenz verschiedener Kryptowährungen geben, wird die Technologie der Blockkette die Basis des Finanzsystems oder werden die Regierungen einfach eigene, zentralisierte, digitale Währungen ausgeben. Beide Autoren kommen aus der klassischen Ökonomie, die permanentes Wachstum im Fokus hat und das hat mir interessante Einblicke verschafft. Zugleich macht es sie aber für radikale Alternativen blind und sie diskutieren weitgehend evolutionäre Prozesse der Anpassung.

But while cryptocurrencies are more used for payment, its use as a means of speculation and a store of value dwarfs the payment aspects. Cryptocurrencies gave birth to an incredibly dynamic, fast-growing market for investors and speculators. Exchanges like Okcoin, poloniex or shapeshift enables the trade of hundreds of cryptocurrencies. Their daily trade volume exceeds that of major European stock exchanges.
Litecoin was one of the first cryptocurrencies after Bitcoin and tagged as the silver to the digital gold bitcoin. Faster than bitcoin, with a larger amount of token and a new mining algorithm, Litecoin was a real innovation, perfectly tailored to be the smaller brother of bitcoin. “It facilitated the emerge of several other cryptocurrencies which used its codebase but made it, even more, lighter“. Examples are Dogecoin or Feathercoin.

EOS is also the first blockchain with a constitution. There are governing principles that every stakeholder agrees on, and the set of rules is attached to every block that is mined. EOS will have the capability to process millions of transactions each second using horizontal scaling. This is much different from Bitcoin and Ethereum. The current model also allows for 5 percent inflation, which can be used to further develop the network. In addition, EOS does not require users to pay for each transaction, which will help fuel adoption.

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As of May 2018, over 1,800 cryptocurrency specifications existed.[24] Within a cryptocurrency system, the safety, integrity and balance of ledgers is maintained by a community of mutually distrustful parties referred to as miners: who use their computers to help validate and timestamp transactions, adding them to the ledger in accordance with a particular timestamping scheme.[14]