In February 2014, Mt. Gox, the largest cryptocurrency exchange at the time, suspended trading, closed its website and exchange service, and filed for bankruptcy protection in Japan from creditors.[16][17] In April 2014, the company began liquidation proceedings.[18] This was the result of a large theft of Bitcoins that were stolen straight out of the Mt. Gox hot wallet over time, beginning in late 2011.[19][20]

Diese Betrachtung ist absolut packend geschrieben, und man hat als Leser die Chance in dieses neue Universum einzutauchen – sei es als Neueinsteiger oder als Struktursuchender,. Die beiden Autoren vermitteln dabei durchaus ihre persönliche Leidenschaft für das abstrakte Thema Krypto-Währungen, aber in der Bewertung der vielen Facetten sind sie um größtmögliche Neutralität bemüht.
While cryptocurrencies are digital currencies that are managed through advanced encryption techniques, many governments have taken a cautious approach toward them, fearing their lack of central control and the effects they could have on financial security.[81] Regulators in several countries have warned against cryptocurrency and some have taken concrete regulatory measures to dissuade users.[82] Additionally, many banks do not offer services for cryptocurrencies and can refuse to offer services to virtual-currency companies.[83] Gareth Murphy, a senior central banking officer has stated "widespread use [of cryptocurrency] would also make it more difficult for statistical agencies to gather data on economic activity, which are used by governments to steer the economy". He cautioned that virtual currencies pose a new challenge to central banks' control over the important functions of monetary and exchange rate policy.[84] While traditional financial products have strong consumer protections in place, there is no intermediary with the power to limit consumer losses if bitcoins are lost or stolen.[85] One of the features cryptocurrency lacks in comparison to credit cards, for example, is consumer protection against fraud, such as chargebacks.
There are many reasons why the digital currencies are gaining popularity and momentum around the world. They have a finite supply that has been identified and source codes outline the exact number that can exist. Users of this currency benefit differently from users of traditional currency. For example, governments cannot intervene and banks cannot freeze your account. Since there is a limit on the amount, cryptocurrencies in that sense, are finite commodities, more like metals than a currency, and with time their value could go up. They are attractive to people who worry about direct control of national banks and governments. Privacy and anonymity are key to the ownership of these coins which many people appreciate. It is more and more difficult to identify accounts of users. Generally, transactions are cheaper than the traditional way using banks. Overall cryptocurrencies can change the financial world, and for the moment it is all still being worked on. Users of these coins still do need to remain aware of their limitations and volatility for the time being and foreseeable future. Their price flow is defined for the most part by market demand and thanks to the complicated code involved cryptocurrencies are impossible to counterfeit. They do make for a rewarding albeit uncertain investment endeavour. The long term results are still unknown but cryptocurrencies are only growing in popularity and for the immediate future they are here to stay and will most probably thrive.
The term altcoin has various similar definitions. Stephanie Yang of The Wall Street Journal defined altcoins as "alternative digital currencies,"[20] while Paul Vigna, also of The Wall Street Journal, described altcoins as alternative versions of bitcoin.[21] Aaron Hankins of the MarketWatch refers to any cryptocurrencies other than bitcoin as altcoins.[22]
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