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Aber wie sieht die Zukunft des Bitcoin und der Bitcoin-Technologie, der Blockkette, aus, wo liegen die Konfliktlinien? Werden wir weiter in Richtung einer noch stärkeren Zentralisierung in Richtung eines Bankenstaates steuern oder werden sich die libertären Kräfte durchsetzen, die für eine Dezentralisierung eintreten? Die beiden Autoren diskutieren verschiedene Szenarien, wie es weitergehen könnte, wenn alles so weiterläuft wie bisher. Wird sich der Bitcoin als Währung durchsetzen, wird es eine Konkurrenz verschiedener Kryptowährungen geben, wird die Technologie der Blockkette die Basis des Finanzsystems oder werden die Regierungen einfach eigene, zentralisierte, digitale Währungen ausgeben. Beide Autoren kommen aus der klassischen Ökonomie, die permanentes Wachstum im Fokus hat und das hat mir interessante Einblicke verschafft. Zugleich macht es sie aber für radikale Alternativen blind und sie diskutieren weitgehend evolutionäre Prozesse der Anpassung.

Launched in 2015, Ethereum is a decentralized software platform that enables Smart Contracts and Distributed Applications (DApps) to be built and run without any downtime, fraud, control or interference from a third party. The applications on ethereum are run on its platform-specific cryptographic token, ether. Ether is like a vehicle for moving around on the ethereum platform, and is sought by mostly developers looking to develop and run applications inside ethereum, or now by investors looking to make purchases of other digital currencies using ether. During 2014, ethereum launched a pre-sale for ether which received an overwhelming response; this helped to usher in the age of the initial coin offering (ICO). According to ethereum, it can be used to “codify, decentralize, secure and trade just about anything.” Following the attack on the DAO in 2016, Ethereum was split into Ethereum (ETH) and Ethereum Classic (ETC). As of February 9, 2019, Ethereum (ETH) had a market cap of $12.49 billion and a per token value of $118.71.
Consider signing up for another exchange and trading cryptocurrency for cryptocurrency (and then transferring that back into Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum, and Litecoin, and then back into Coinbase, and then back into USD). Don’t forget to record your transactions for the tax man and to brush up on the tax implications (I can’t stress that enough).
A lot of people have made fortunes by mining Bitcoins. Back in the days, you could make substantial profits from mining using just your computer, or even a powerful enough laptop. These days, Bitcoin mining can only become profitable if you’re willing to invest in an industrial-grade mining hardware. This, of course, incurs huge electricity bills on top of the price of all the necessary equipment.
Nxt: Not only does this nifty coin sport a name similar to Steve Job’s other company; it uses a cool and different algorithm for producing coins. This algorithm – an implementation of a proof-of-stake scheme rather than proof-of-work – may be less burdensome on the environment and has long-term potential. It may be worth a tad less than the other coins we recommend; it is worth about a penny on the dollar on a good day. However, less cost per coin means you have less to lose if the coin value deflates. Nxt is like Namecoin. It had a super cool code but didn’t though perform at the same level as other cryptos (until late 2017 where it saw a notable price hike). It is still priced very low in USD.
When issuing a transaction in IOTA, you validate 2 previous transactions. This means you no longer outsource validation to miners which requires wasteful amounts of computing power and usually a large stake of coins. These required resources are, in effect, centralizing the currencies which many believe were created to be decentralized in the first place.  

By 2016, several cryptocurrency exchanges operating in the European Union obtained licenses under the EU Payment Services Directive and the EU Electronic Money Directive.[21] The adequacy of such licenses for the operation of a cryptocurrency exchange has not been judicially tested. The European Council and the European Parliament announced that they will issue regulations to impose stricter rules targeting exchange platforms.
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Below, we’ll examine some of the most important digital currencies other than bitcoin. First, though, a caveat: it is impossible for a list like this to be entirely comprehensive. One reason for this is the fact that there are more than 1,600 cryptocurrencies in existence as of this writing, and many of those tokens and coins enjoy immense popularity among a dedicated (if small, in some cases) community of backers and investors. Beyond that, the field of cryptocurrencies is always expanding, and the next great digital token may be released tomorrow, for all anyone in the crypto community knows. While bitcoin is widely seen as a pioneer in the world of cryptocurrencies, analysts adopt many approaches for evaluating tokens other than BTC. It’s common, for instance, for analysts to attribute a great deal of importance to the ranking of coins relative to one another in terms of market cap. We’ve factored this into our consideration, but there are other reasons why a digital token may be included in the list as well.
According to the graphs, we determine whether the value of the currency is going to decline or rise. Graphs can be different in appearance. For example, some display changes at 15-minute intervals, and some changes occur once a day. Orders are, roughly speaking, user requests for the purchase or sale of currency. According to the history of transactions, you can track what transactions were conducted on the exchange recently and with what tools. By the volume of trade, it is possible to judge which mass of the crypto currency has passed from one source to another in a certain period of time.
In May 2018, Bitcoin Gold (and two other cryptocurrencies) were hit by a successful 51% hashing attack by an unknown actor, in which exchanges lost estimated $18m.[72] In June 2018, Korean exchange Coinrail was hacked, losing US$37 million worth of altcoin. Fear surrounding the hack was blamed for a $42 billion cryptocurrency market selloff.[73] On 9 July 2018 the exchange Bancor had $23.5 million in cryptocurrency stolen.[74]
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Like Bitcoin, Dash is meant to be used as a digital currency but has some added values such as much faster transaction times and lower fees. For a slightly higher fee, Dash has the added function of “instant send” which allows transactions to be confirmed almost instantly. This is one of the main selling points of Dash because many believe that this feature would allow it to be used in brick and mortar establishments.

A cryptocurrency exchange or a digital currency exchange (DCE) is a business that allows customers to trade cryptocurrencies or digital currencies for other assets, such as conventional fiat money or other digital currencies. A cryptocurrency exchange can be a market maker that typically takes the bid-ask spreads as a transaction commission for is service or, as a matching platform, simply charges fees.
Ripple was launched in 2012 and is based on a distributed ledger. All transactions pass through nodes and validators, which is similar to the Bitcoin system. However, Ripple has a high level of governance when compared with alternatives such as Bitcoin. There is a concession ledger that relies on specific validators, which are facilitated by global banks and other institutions.

Here is your Cardano (ADAM19) trade on BitMEX... As promised. Remember that this is a high-risk trade for advanced traders only. If you are a beginner looking for secure, long term profits, go for our highly profitable altcoins trades. All of my BitMEX trades are super high-risk and for advanced traders only. Trade at your own risk... This is not financial...
Altcoins is the general term associated with the cryptocurrencies launched after Bitcoin’s success. At first, these were mere copies mimicking the original Bitcoin. Today, there are over 1,000 of these, and the list just keeps growing. Most crypto coins are launched following an ICO (Initial Coin Offering – a form of crowdfunding) in which the developers raise cash by offering a limited number of initial coins to finance technological development. So far, besides the list below, we can find names, such as Namecoin, Peercoin, Bytecoin, Deutsche eMark, Novacoin, Cryptogenic Bullion, Quark, DarkCoin and Mangocoinz (for smartphones).

Among the Asian countries, Japan is more forthcoming and regulations mandate the need for a special license from the Financial Services Authority to operate a cryptocurrency exchange.[24][25] China and Korea remain hostile, with China banning bitcoin miners and freezing bank accounts.[26][27] While Australia is yet to announce its conclusive regulations on cryptocurrency, it does require its citizens to disclose their digital assets for capitals gains tax.[28]
Nach der Lektüre des Buches kann man Meldungen, Artikel und Blogeinträge zum Thema besser einordnen und fühlt sich in der Welt der virtuellen Währungen ein wenig zu Hause. Und dann kann jeder für sich entscheiden, ob er als stiller - nun Wissender - diese neu entstehende Welt bestaunen möchte, ob er vielleicht selber ein wenig rumexperimentiert und mit Wallets erste Erfahrungen sammelt, oder ob er diese Welt des digitalen dezentralen Vertrauens in Zukunft selber mit gestalten möchte.
Michael Casey und Paul Vigna sind erfahrende Finanzjournalisten, die in diesem Buch mit viel Liebe zum Detail Fakten und Geschichten zur kurzen Historie der Krypto-Währungen - angefangen vom Jahr 2008 bis heute - zusammengetragen haben. Sie stellen die treibenden Personen und Unternehmen vor und liefern Einblicke in die Zusammenhänge der verschiedenen Strömungen und Projekte.

Before we take a closer look at some of these alternatives to bitcoin, let’s step back and briefly examine what we mean by terms like cryptocurrency and altcoin. A cryptocurrency, broadly defined, is virtual or digital money which takes the form of tokens or “coins.” While some cryptocurrencies have ventured into the physical world with credit cards or other projects, the large majority remain entirely intangible. The “crypto” in cryptocurrencies refers to complicated cryptography which allows for a particular digital token to be generated, stored, and transacted securely and, typically, anonymously. Alongside this important “crypto” feature of these currencies is a common commitment to decentralization; cryptocurrencies are typically developed as code by teams who build in mechanisms for issuance (often, although not always, through a process called “mining”) and other controls. Cryptocurrencies are almost always designed to be free from government manipulation and control, although as they have grown more popular this foundational aspect of the industry has come under fire.
For those who really want the real cryptocurrency experience, I think the simplest place to buy, sell, and store coins is Coinbase (and our tutorial below will help you get set up with that), but you can only buy, sell, and store Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, and a small (but growing) selection of other coins on Coinbase. However, if you are serious about trading cryptocurrency, you’ll want to also sign up for another exchange like Coinbase’s Coinbase Pro, Bittrex, Binance, or Kraken (and may want to find other solutions for wallets to store your coins in like TREZOR). See our list of exchanges for beginners for a more complete list. TIP: Even if you are going to get fancy with wallets and exchanges, Coinbase is a good starting point because it works as a simple on-ramp / off-ramp for fiat (i.e. you can easily trade dollars for cryptos on Coinbase, and this is not true of most exchanges).
A perhaps more profound difference EOS has, compared to Ethereum, is the way in which you use the EOS network. With Ethereum, every time you make modifications or interact with the network, you need to pay a fee. With EOS, the creator of the DAPP (decentralized app) can foot the bill, while the user pays nothing. And if you think about it, this makes sense. Would you want to have to pay every time you post something on social media? No, of course not!

NEM (New Economy Movement) is the world’s first Proof-of-Importance (PoI) enterprise based on blockchain technology. With a focus on business use cases, the software was built from the ground up with adaptability in mind. NEM’s goal is for companies to use their “smart asset system” to implement customizable blockchains. A smart asset can be almost anything: a cryptocurrency token, a business’s stock or a company’s invoicing and records.
The first cryptocurrency to capture the public imagination was Bitcoin, which was launched in 2009 by an individual or group known under the pseudonym, Satoshi Nakamoto. As of February 2019, there were over 17.53 million bitcoins in circulation with a total market value of around $63 billion (although the market price of bitcoin can fluctuate quite a bit). Bitcoin's success has spawned a number of competing cryptocurrencies, known as "altcoins" such as Litecoin, Namecoin and Peercoin, as well as Ethereum, EOS, and Cardano. Today, there are literally thousands of cryptocurrencies in existence, with an aggregate market value of over $120 billion (Bitcoin currently represents more than 50% of the total value).
1) Irreversible: After confirmation, a transaction can‘t be reversed. By nobody. And nobody means nobody. Not you, not your bank, not the president of the United States, not Satoshi, not your miner. Nobody. If you send money, you send it. Period. No one can help you, if you sent your funds to a scammer or if a hacker stole them from your computer. There is no safety net.
Hi, I live in the US and bought 2 BTC last week at Coinbase on Mar 15 and haven’t seen the Bitcoins appear in my wallet yet (today is 20th Mar). Even after providing personal details and being promised to buy/sell instantly I don’t seen that happening any time soon. And to top it all they charged me 1.49% in fees (can provide screenshots of the transactions).
Generally speaking, rich or poor one should focus the top coins by market cap and avoid any coins that haven’t preformed well over the course of years. Any get rich quick sort of gambit and any coin promising returns is something that should be avoided, meanwhile one should approach coins with caution and practice conservative approaches like dollar cost averaging over time to build average positions.

Most cryptocurrency exchanges will serve their intended purpose in letting users buy cryptocurrency listed on the exchange. The main differences are the exchanges fees, customer support, the number of supported coins, and supported countries. To ensure you have access to as many cryptocurrencies as possible, it may be wise to sign up for each exchange.
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The currencies modeled after bitcoin are collectively called altcoins and have tried to present themselves as modified or improved versions of bitcoin. While some of these currencies are easier to mine than bitcoin is, there are tradeoffs, including greater risk brought on by lesser liquidity, acceptance and value retention. (For more, see our guides on bitcoin mining and bitcoin regulation.)
Unlike ordinary money, cryptocurrency prices are highly volatile, so the rate may fluctuate. It may happen that the altcoin exchange rate which you see before the transaction is different (high or low) after transaction gets completed. In that case, the exchanged digital currency quantity which you receive may differ from what you see during the comparison.
TIP: If you don’t understand the tax implications of trading cryptocurrency tread very carefully. There are some nasty traps you could fall into when trading coins. For one, they are not necessarily considered “like-kind assets.” If that is confusing, then consider sticking with trading USD for coins in Coinbase until you grasp the concept. Learn about cryptocurrency and taxes.
If you want to make great gains, it is as easy as picking the right coin in the top 100 and keeping a little Bitcoin on hand. Are you going to get rich over night? Probably not. The reality is, the people who actually make profits at this are 1. the ones who learn to read charts, keep an eye on the news, watch out for pump and dumps, and try to time buys and sells to buy low and sell high of decent coins, with decent volume, and decent market caps (I do this, its hit or miss, but at least I can always place a stop loss and go back to BTC a little up or down), 2. market manipulators (don’t be like them; I am firmly against this and think it hurts cryptocurrency… I would place those who offer scam coins in this category), 3. People who average into coins they think will do well over time, hold, and take incremental profits (I do this, it is my bread and butter, 9 times out of 10 it works better for me than trading; that might say more about me than anything, but I think it also says something about what strategy will work best for the most people).

For those who really want the real cryptocurrency experience, I think the simplest place to buy, sell, and store coins is Coinbase (and our tutorial below will help you get set up with that), but you can only buy, sell, and store Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, and a small (but growing) selection of other coins on Coinbase. However, if you are serious about trading cryptocurrency, you’ll want to also sign up for another exchange like Coinbase’s Coinbase Pro, Bittrex, Binance, or Kraken (and may want to find other solutions for wallets to store your coins in like TREZOR). See our list of exchanges for beginners for a more complete list. TIP: Even if you are going to get fancy with wallets and exchanges, Coinbase is a good starting point because it works as a simple on-ramp / off-ramp for fiat (i.e. you can easily trade dollars for cryptos on Coinbase, and this is not true of most exchanges).
NOTES: We created this site in 2015, here three years later (in 2018) the market has evolved and changed a considerable amount. Thus, presenting a list of cryptocurrencies went from being a reasonable thing to do to an impossible task for a site that doesn’t make listing cryptocurrencies its main focus. For a list of most of the current cryptocurrencies, you can check out CoinMarketCap.com. Our brief list below will focus only on some top coins that have made it through the years or that are still relevant today and will note some up-and-coming coins.
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The main concept of ICON is their idea of a “loopchain.” As stated in their whitepaper, a loopchain can be described as a “high-performance blockchain that can provide real-time transaction, which is based on enhanced Smart Contract.” Through ICON, participants will be able to connect to any blockchain without relying on the current centralized exchanges.
As of February 2018, the Chinese Government halted trading of virtual currency, banned initial coin offerings and shut down mining. Some Chinese miners have since relocated to Canada.[32] One company is operating data centers for mining operations at Canadian oil and gas field sites, due to low gas prices.[33] In June 2018, Hydro Quebec proposed to the provincial government to allocate 500 MW to crypto companies for mining.[34] According to a February 2018 report from Fortune,[35] Iceland has become a haven for cryptocurrency miners in part because of its cheap electricity. Prices are contained because nearly all of the country's energy comes from renewable sources, prompting more mining companies to consider opening operations in Iceland. The region's energy company says bitcoin mining is becoming so popular that the country will likely use more electricity to mine coins than power homes in 2018. In October 2018 Russia was to become home to one of the largest legal mining operations in the world, located in Siberia.[citation needed]
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