The cryptocurrencies are a solution to many of the obstacles that the traditional financial system currently has, sending money to different parts of the world is expensive, sometimes delayed and in some places it is not possible to do so. We are in a globalized era and cryptocurrencies help make financial transactions fast, secure and low cost. There are projects with a great vision, for example, the cryptocurrency Ultrapoint has the mission to become the first currency for global and practical use in all sectors of the economy. Then when a cryptocurrency achieves massive use, then its benefits will be fully understood.
Among the Asian countries, Japan is more forthcoming and regulations mandate the need for a special license from the Financial Services Authority to operate a cryptocurrency exchange.[24][25] China and Korea remain hostile, with China banning bitcoin miners and freezing bank accounts.[26][27] While Australia is yet to announce its conclusive regulations on cryptocurrency, it does require its citizens to disclose their digital assets for capitals gains tax.[28]
All of those factors make mining cryptocurrencies an extremely competitive arms race that rewards early adopters. However, depending on where you live, profits made from mining can be subject to taxation and Money Transmitting regulations. In the US, the FinCEN has issued a guidance, according to which mining of cryptocurrencies and exchanging them for flat currencies may be considered money transmitting. This means that miners might need to comply with special laws and regulations dealing with this type of activities.
In 1983, the American cryptographer David Chaum conceived an anonymous cryptographic electronic money called ecash.[7][8] Later, in 1995, he implemented it through Digicash,[9] an early form of cryptographic electronic payments which required user software in order to withdraw notes from a bank and designate specific encrypted keys before it can be sent to a recipient. This allowed the digital currency to be untraceable by the issuing bank, the government, or any third party.