Michael Casey und Paul Vigna sind erfahrende Finanzjournalisten, die in diesem Buch mit viel Liebe zum Detail Fakten und Geschichten zur kurzen Historie der Krypto-Währungen - angefangen vom Jahr 2008 bis heute - zusammengetragen haben. Sie stellen die treibenden Personen und Unternehmen vor und liefern Einblicke in die Zusammenhänge der verschiedenen Strömungen und Projekte.
The semi-anonymous nature of cryptocurrency transactions makes them well-suited for a host of nefarious activities, such as money laundering and tax evasion. However, cryptocurrency advocates often value the anonymity highly. Some cryptocurrencies are more private than others. Bitcoin, for instance, is a relatively poor choice for conducting illegal business online, and forensic analysis of bitcoin transactions has led authorities to arrest and prosecute criminals. More privacy-oriented coins do exist, such as Dash, ZCash, or Monero, which are far more difficult to trace.
Risk Disclosure: Trading in financial instruments and/or cryptocurrencies involves high risks including the risk of losing some, or all, of your investment amount, and may not be suitable for all investors. Prices of cryptocurrencies are extremely volatile and may be affected by external factors such as financial, regulatory or political events. Trading on margin increases the financial risks.
According to the graphs, we determine whether the value of the currency is going to decline or rise. Graphs can be different in appearance. For example, some display changes at 15-minute intervals, and some changes occur once a day. Orders are, roughly speaking, user requests for the purchase or sale of currency. According to the history of transactions, you can track what transactions were conducted on the exchange recently and with what tools. By the volume of trade, it is possible to judge which mass of the crypto currency has passed from one source to another in a certain period of time.
Howdy, Welcome to popular Cryptocurrency blog 'CoinSutra'. I'm Harsh Agrawal, a tech enthusiast & Digital nomad from New Delhi, India.I started CoinSutra to help users around the globe to learn about popular Cryptocurrencies.Here at CoinSutra I write about Bitcoin Wallet, Cryptocurrency wallets, Online Privacy & Security, VPN experiences & making money from Crypto.
“While it’s still fairly new and unstable relative to the gold standard, cryptocurrency is definitely gaining traction and will most certainly have more normalized uses in the next few years. Right now, in particular, it’s increasing in popularity with the post-election market uncertainty. The key will be in making it easy for large-scale adoption (as with anything involving crypto) including developing safeguards and protections for buyers/investors. I expect that within two years, we’ll be in a place where people can shove their money under the virtual mattress through cryptocurrency, and they’ll know that wherever they go, that money will be there.” – Sarah Granger, Author, and Speaker. 
Take the money on your bank account: What is it more than entries in a database that can only be changed under specific conditions? You can even take physical coins and notes: What are they else than limited entries in a public physical database that can only be changed if you match the condition than you physically own the coins and notes? Money is all about a verified entry in some kind of database of accounts, balances, and transactions.

Bitcoin and popular altcoins can be found on TradingView, through the free, real-time data of 25 exchanges. Cryptocurrencies are somewhat similar to precious metals, in that their creation is controlled and most have a cap on the amount of units, just like precious metals, which have limited minable amounts. One of our most popular chats is the Cryptocurrencies chat where traders talk in real-time about where the Cryptocurrency market is going.


Within a cryptocurrency network, only miners can confirm transactions by solving a cryptographic puzzle. They take transactions, mark them as legitimate and spread them across the network. Afterwards, every node of the network adds it to its database. Once the transaction is confirmed it becomes unforgeable and irreversible and a miner receives a reward, plus the transaction fees.
LinkCoin is an Over-The-Counter (OTC) cryptocurrency exchange that was developed by Yesbit Ltd in collaboration with Bibox. Based in Toronto Canada, the exchange processes transactions autonomously via smart contracts. Plus, with a fully functional website, and Android + iOs apps, the platform has the necessary technological infrastructure to provide users with a service that meets all of their investment needs. Linkcoin has 7 cryptocurrencies available for purchase (BTC, ETH, BCH, ETC, LTC, LKN, BIX) plus, with some of the indsutrie’s lowest transaction fees (zero buyer fees + 0.6% seller fees), they make buying and selling cryptocurrencies as affordable as possible. Accessibility is something Linkcoin also values. Which is why they accept interac e-Transfer, Bank Wire, AliPay and WeChat Pay. Users can also pay in either CAD, USD, CNY, JPY, or HKD.
Dash also runs governance different from other altcoins. Each masternode gets one vote, and the Dash blockchain is self-funded. A portion of each block reward (10 percent) is put back into the network development and promotion budget, which means that developers receive payment for work completed. In addition, since there are voting rights, decisions can be made more quickly than with other cryptocurrencies.

Cryptocurrency list brings you real-time updates on all major cryptocurrencies with price, price changes (1H, 24H, 7D), coin market cap, volume in the past 24H and available supply with price charts for each cryptocurrency. Below you'll find a list of cryptocurrencies by market cap, please click on the cryptocurrency to view even more details and price charts live (in real time).
Disclaimer: It is our organization's primary mission to provide reviews, commentary, and analysis that are unbiased and objective. While ForexBrokers.com has some data verified by industry participants, it can vary from time to time. Operating as an online business, this site may be compensated through third party advertisers. Our receipt of such compensation shall not be construed as an endorsement or recommendation by ForexBrokers.com, nor shall it bias our reviews, analysis, and opinions. Please see our General Disclaimers for more information.
Hello friends! Today is Friday, which means that we will not be left without a big movement. We are now near a strong resistance, the volumes are falling (don't believe fake volume on CMC), the shorts are at the lowest point, and say to yourself, "Do you really think that under such conditions there will be growth?" Do not be fooled, think cold mind, there is no...
This Subreddit is for recent articles or crypto related videos only. If you make a post, please link to where you found the news and be sure the title describes the article. Due to new accounts being created repeatedly and spamming ICOs, I have put a minimum account status of 5 Post Karma to add a link. If this does not work out like I want it to, I will adjust it.

Namecoin: In 2015 Namecoin looked promising, here in 2017 there is a little less hype. Still, Namecoin is notable. Namecoin is almost the same as Bitcoin. It was the first “fork” of the Bitcoin software. It’s based on Bitcoin and has the same unit cap, but has a few tweaks in its data storage. Namecoin was originally just going to be an upgrade to Bitcoin, but people were nervous that it would pose issues. So Namecoin is similar to Bitcoin, but like all the currencies that are not-Bitcoin, it is worth a fraction of Bitcoin. Its solid background and reasonable price point make it a relatively good coin to invest in. Of all the coins noted so far, Namecoin has performed the most poorly so far. It is still priced very low in USD.
Dogecoin is a peer-to-peer electronic payment system based on the popular 2013 meme of the Shiba Inu dog.  It was a fork of Luckycoin, which was itself a fork of Litecoin. The coin uses a PoW script mining algorithm similar to Bitcoin; however, while Bitcoin has a limited number of coins, there is no limit to the number of Dogecoins which can be created. The current rate of Dogecoin creation is over 5,000,000,000 coins a year.
Those of you who are looking for cryptocurrency charts live, you have come to the right place! All our cryptocurrency price charts you see on our website are updated in real-time without any delays. On cryptocurrencylist.io you can view charts from any cryptocurrency with your chosen timeframe to examine the price history of this particular crypto.
Insofern findet man diese Finanzprodukte vor allem bei Anbietern, welche auf den Währungsmarkt spezialisiert sind. Man sollte auf jeden Fall darauf achten, dass man ein Unternehmen auswählt, welches in der Europäischen Union ansässig ist und hier kontrolliert und lizenziert wird. Diese europäische Lizenz garantiert, dass staatliche Behörden aktiv die Dienste der verschiedenen Broker kontrollieren.
NEM (New Economy Movement) is the world’s first Proof-of-Importance (PoI) enterprise based on blockchain technology. With a focus on business use cases, the software was built from the ground up with adaptability in mind. NEM’s goal is for companies to use their “smart asset system” to implement customizable blockchains. A smart asset can be almost anything: a cryptocurrency token, a business’s stock or a company’s invoicing and records.

Co-founded by Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss, Gemini is a fully regulated licensed US Bitcoin and Ether exchange. That means Gemini’s capital requirements and regulatory standards are similar to a bank. Also, all US dollar deposits are held at a FDIC-insured bank and the majority of digital currency is held in cold storage. Gemini trades in three currencies, US dollars, bitcoin, and ether, so the platform does not serve traders of the plethora of other cryptocurrencies. The exchange operates via a maker-taker fee schedule with discounts available for high volume traders. All deposits and withdrawals are free of charge. The platform is only fully available to customers in 42 US states, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, South Korea and the UK.
Cryptocurrencies are highly volatile, risky and complex products. Due to wide price fluctuations, trading them may result in significant loss over a short period of time. Leverage can work both to your advantage and disadvantage. As a result, trading cryptocurrencies may not be suitable for all investors, and you should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose.

“I tried an automatic trading software, but it didn’t seem to be good for me, because I wanted to be involved in the process, since I am retired and I have a lot of free time. Tried trading with a personal broker and got very interested, after a few educational sessions with her, I managed to start trading smart and increase my investment up to 235% in just a matter of month. It’s about 120-160 Euros a day now. “


Insofern findet man diese Finanzprodukte vor allem bei Anbietern, welche auf den Währungsmarkt spezialisiert sind. Man sollte auf jeden Fall darauf achten, dass man ein Unternehmen auswählt, welches in der Europäischen Union ansässig ist und hier kontrolliert und lizenziert wird. Diese europäische Lizenz garantiert, dass staatliche Behörden aktiv die Dienste der verschiedenen Broker kontrollieren.
Hello traders! Today we will talk about Bitcoin. Bitcoin is trading bullish, but before a bullish continuation, we may see a deeper three-wave (a)-(b)-(c) correction back to 78,6% Fibo. retracement and 3500 level. Due to slow price action in the last couple of weeks, Bitcoin looks more and more corrective in wave (b) that can send price back to 61.8% - 78,6%...
Dash (originally known as darkcoin) is a more secretive version of bitcoin. Dash offers more anonymity as it works on a decentralized mastercode network that makes transactions almost untraceable. Launched in January 2014, dash experienced an increasing fan following in a short span of time. This cryptocurrency was created and developed by Evan Duffield and can be mined using a CPU or GPU. In March 2015, ‘Darkcoin’ was rebranded to dash, which stands for “digital cash” and operates under the ticker DASH. The rebranding didn't change the functionality of any of its technological features including DarkSend and InstantX. As of February 9, 2019, Dash had a market cap of $640.76 million and a per token value of $74.32.
The first cryptocurrency to capture the public imagination was Bitcoin, which was launched in 2009 by an individual or group known under the pseudonym, Satoshi Nakamoto. As of February 2019, there were over 17.53 million bitcoins in circulation with a total market value of around $63 billion (although the market price of bitcoin can fluctuate quite a bit). Bitcoin's success has spawned a number of competing cryptocurrencies, known as "altcoins" such as Litecoin, Namecoin and Peercoin, as well as Ethereum, EOS, and Cardano. Today, there are literally thousands of cryptocurrencies in existence, with an aggregate market value of over $120 billion (Bitcoin currently represents more than 50% of the total value).
Most cryptocurrency exchanges will serve their intended purpose in letting users buy cryptocurrency listed on the exchange. The main differences are the exchanges fees, customer support, the number of supported coins, and supported countries. To ensure you have access to as many cryptocurrencies as possible, it may be wise to sign up for each exchange.
It is important investors realize not all exchanges and brokers that offer delivery of the underlying Bitcoin are created equal. Some firms have fallen victim to theft by hackers who have stolen Bitcoin belonging to clients whose money was held at the exchanges. Meanwhile, other Bitcoin exchanges have gone bankrupt (as in the case of Mt. Gox),  as a result of fraud or mismanagement.
In 2018, the US Securities and Exchange Commission maintained that "if a platform offers trading of digital assets that are securities and operates as an "exchange," as defined by the federal securities laws, then the platform must register with the SEC as a national securities exchange or be exempt from registration".[22] The Commodity Futures Trading Commission now permits the trading of cryptocurrency derivatives publicly.[23]
The biggest problem of the Blockchain is its reliance on miners. This is exactly why the cryptocurrency called IOTA (the Internet of Thigs Application) was created in 2016. IOTA also battles increasing transaction fees and network scalability. IOTA’s blockchain is called Tangle. It is a blockchain with no blocks and no chains. In this system, the users themselves are responsible for validating transactions. This means there’s no need for approval from miners; so users enjoy a fee-free transaction and an increased process speed.

Aber wie sieht die Zukunft des Bitcoin und der Bitcoin-Technologie, der Blockkette, aus, wo liegen die Konfliktlinien? Werden wir weiter in Richtung einer noch stärkeren Zentralisierung in Richtung eines Bankenstaates steuern oder werden sich die libertären Kräfte durchsetzen, die für eine Dezentralisierung eintreten? Die beiden Autoren diskutieren verschiedene Szenarien, wie es weitergehen könnte, wenn alles so weiterläuft wie bisher. Wird sich der Bitcoin als Währung durchsetzen, wird es eine Konkurrenz verschiedener Kryptowährungen geben, wird die Technologie der Blockkette die Basis des Finanzsystems oder werden die Regierungen einfach eigene, zentralisierte, digitale Währungen ausgeben. Beide Autoren kommen aus der klassischen Ökonomie, die permanentes Wachstum im Fokus hat und das hat mir interessante Einblicke verschafft. Zugleich macht es sie aber für radikale Alternativen blind und sie diskutieren weitgehend evolutionäre Prozesse der Anpassung.


Trading CFDs, FX, and cryptocurrencies involves a high degree of risk. All providers have a percentage of retail investor accounts that lose money when trading CFDs with their company. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money and whether you understand how CFDs, FX, and cryptocurrencies work. All data was obtained from a published web site as of 02/18/2019 and is believed to be accurate, but is not guaranteed. The ForexBrokers.com staff is constantly working with its online broker representatives to obtain the latest data. If you believe any data listed above is inaccurate, please contact us using the link at the bottom of this page.
Backed by trusted investors and used by millions of customers globally, Coinbase is one of the most popular and well-known brokers and trading platforms in the world. The Coinbase platform makes it easy to securely buy, use, store and trade digital currency. Users can purchase bitcoins, Ether and now Litecoin from Coinbase through a digital wallet available on Android & iPhone or through trading with other users on the company’s Global Digital Asset Exchange (GDAX) subsidiary. GDAX currently operates in the US, Europe, UK, Canada, Australia, and Singapore. GDAX does not currently charge any transfer fees for moving funds between your Coinbase account and GDAX account. For now, the selection of tradable currencies will, however, depend on the country you live in. Check out the Coinbase FAQ and GDAX FAQ
As a cryptocurrency attracts more interest, mining becomes harder and the amount of coins received as a reward decreases. For example, when Bitcoin was first created, the reward for successful mining was 50 BTC. Now, the reward stands at 12.5 Bitcoins. This happened because the Bitcoin network is designed so that there can only be a total of 21 mln coins in circulation.

The total market capitalization of cryptocurrencies is growing rapidly, recently surpassing more $800 billion and hitting an all-time high - with a more than 850 percent increase since the start of the year. When most people think of cryptocurrencies they think of Bitcoin, which was the first to market and is the current leader. But it’s not the only game in town. There are around 1,100 different cryptocurrencies to date. Not sure which is best? Check out this list of top cryptocurrencies to find out more about each, how cryptocurrency works, and where to buy cryptocrurency.


Instead, block producers generate blocks and are rewarded in EOS tokens based on their production rates. EOS includes a complex system of rules to govern this process, with the idea being that the network will ultimately be more democratic and decentralized than those of other cryptocurrencies. As of October 5, 2018, EOS had a market cap of $2.49 billion and a per token value of $2.74.

Der Krypto Handel ist eine moderne und neuartige Form des Tradings. Durch entsprechende Broker ist es möglich, hier das Trading zu betreiben, selbst wenn man nur ein private Nutzer ist. Wer die Onlinevorgänge am Markt ignoriert, läuft Gefahr große Gewinnmöglichkeiten aus den Augen zu verlieren. Viele Experten schätzen, dass das Internet nach wie vor ein enormer Wachstumsmarkt ist.
Cryptocurrencies allow traders to diversify their investment portfolio, as their price is mainly determined by demand and supply; Their value has a low correlation to national economies or political scenarios. Once Bitcoin surpassed the price of gold in 2017, US markets introduced 2 ETFs on Bitcoin and drew more and more institutional money into the world of cryptocurrencies. In 2017, Indian PM Narendra Modi has announced the gradual replacement of paper currency with electronic currency; In March 2018, the Marshall Islands announced that they would be introducing a cryptocurrency to replace US dollars as their main currency; other central banks are investigating the adoption of blockchain-like technologies… in short cryptocurrencies are probably here to stay. A growing number of crypto investors all over the world have already discovered the benefits:
Dear Ladies And Gentlemen! Let me start telling you, that even though I believe we will go down short term, we are having a bullish Global Market Sentiment. I will claim, that it's likely that we will enter a BULL MARKET within 3 months. Here are the reasons - we have for a long time seen: -Increasing Global Market Cap -Dropping BTC-Dominance -Increasing...
It is useful for investors to modify the filters according to their personal preference and the criteria and to choose the notifications that they want to know when making the trading decision in order to master the high volatility associated with the absence of regulation and the constant pressure from governments and the growing interest of users. Due to those factors, the Market News Cryptocurrencies are constantly updated so investors should not miss the cryptocurrency market opportunities.
The biggest problem of the Blockchain is its reliance on miners. This is exactly why the cryptocurrency called IOTA (the Internet of Thigs Application) was created in 2016. IOTA also battles increasing transaction fees and network scalability. IOTA’s blockchain is called Tangle. It is a blockchain with no blocks and no chains. In this system, the users themselves are responsible for validating transactions. This means there’s no need for approval from miners; so users enjoy a fee-free transaction and an increased process speed.
A lot of concerns have been raised regarding cryptocurrencies’ decentralized nature and their ability to be used almost completely anonymously. The authorities all over the world are worried about the cryptocurrencies’ appeal to the traders of illegal goods and services. Moreover, they are worried about their use in money laundering and tax evasion schemes.
Cryptocurrency exchanges are websites where you can buy, sell or exchange cryptocurrencies for other digital currency or traditional currency like US dollars or Euro. For those that want to trade professionally and have access to fancy trading tools, you will likely need to use an exchange that requires you to verify your ID and open an account. If you just want to make the occasional, straightforward trade, there are also platforms that you can use that do not require an account.
Once you bought your cryptocurrency, you need a way to store it. All major exchanges offer wallet services. But, while it might seem convenient, it’s best if you store your assets in an offline wallet on your hard drive, or even invest in a hardware wallet. This is the most secure way of storing your coins and it gives you full control over your assets.
Cryptocurrency list brings you real-time updates on all major cryptocurrencies with price, price changes (1H, 24H, 7D), coin market cap, volume in the past 24H and available supply with price charts for each cryptocurrency. Below you'll find a list of cryptocurrencies by market cap, please click on the cryptocurrency to view even more details and price charts live (in real time).
Das Unternehmen Onecoin OneLife vertrieb angebliche Schulungspakete; der Onecoin wurde als zweitstärkste Kryptowährung neben dem Bitcoin positioniert. Allein: Es existierte wohl weder die digitale Währung noch eine Blockchain, über welche die Crypto Trading  Transaktionen hätten abgewickelt werden können. Hintermänner wurden der bulgarischen Mafia zugeordnet, und der One coin in Österreich dem Sektenpräventionsindex hinzugefügt. (Mehr hierzu unter Wallstreet Online.)
ELcurrency are influenced products. ELcurrency associated with foreign exchange, common assets and other underlying variables, involves a high level of risk and a possibility of loss of some or all of your investment.Please consider carefully whether trading or investing in bitcoin is appropriate to your financial situation. Only risk capital should be used when trading or investing in bitcoin. You must review Terms of Service and this Risk Disclosure prior to establishing an account.
Central to the appeal and function of Bitcoin is the blockchain technology it uses to store an online ledger of all the transactions that have ever been conducted using bitcoins, providing a data structure for this ledger that is exposed to a limited threat from hackers and can be copied across all computers running Bitcoin software. Every new block generated must be verified by the ledgers of each user on the market, making it almost impossible to forge transaction histories. Many experts see this blockchain as having important uses in technologies such as online voting and crowdfunding, and major financial institutions such as JPMorgan Chase see potential in cryptocurrencies to lower transaction costs by making payment processing more efficient. However, because cryptocurrencies are virtual and do not have a central repository, a digital cryptocurrency balance can be wiped out by a computer crash if a backup copy of the holdings does not exist, or if somebody simply loses their private keys.
A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency designed to work as a medium of exchange. It uses cryptography to secure and verify transactions as well as to control the creation of new units of a particular cryptocurrency. Essentially, cryptocurrencies are limited entries in a database that no one can change unless specific conditions are fulfilled.
"Too much confidence and greed may damage your account" At previous analysis, I draw this bullish flag, but not following it, and with extra confidence I take short position. Lucky for me, my extra confidence use no leverage and already hit stoploss. We know that not everyone agree with bearish at bitcoin, so we draw this bullish flag pattern with projection at...
Welcome to the sixteenth Coin Report. In today’s report, I will be assessing the fundamental and technical strengths and weaknesses of NKN. This will comprise of an analysis of a number of significant metrics, an evaluation of the project’s community and development and an overview of its price-history. The report will conclude with a grading out of 10. NKN (New Kind of Network – a name that tips its hat to Stephen Wolfram; the man behind A New Kind of Science) was launched in January 2018, but raised funding via an ICO in April 2018, after which its token was created. The ICO sold out in minutes and raised over $12mn, though this figure is difficult to verify as there are discrepancies between sources. The token itself recently underwent a swap to become part of the Ethereum ecosystem; a swap that is still ongoing, until the end of this month. NKN was priced at $0.13 during the ICO. The token itself operates using a Proof-of-Relay consensus mechanism; a novel development...

When it comes to other, less popular cryptocurrencies, the buying options aren’t as diverse. However, there are still numerous exchanges where you can acquire various crypto-coins for flat currencies or Bitcoins. Face-to-face trading is also a popular way of acquiring coins. Buying options depend on particular cryptocurrencies, their popularity as well as your location.
Es ist durchaus interessant sich in die Thematiken einzulesen, welche auch viel mit dem Community Gedanken des World Wide Web zu tun haben. Die Unabhängigkeit von regulären Finanzinstituten ist für die Macher der digitalen Währungen ein wesentlicher Motivationspunkt. So existiert eine kryptische Parallelwelt im Internet. Sie basiert auf einem Verteilungsprinzip, welches das Netzwerk als Gegenstück zu einzelnen großen Servern versteht.
Die Weltwirtschaft steht kurz vor einer Revolution, die die globale ökonomische Ordnung von Grund auf umkrempeln wird. Der Kern dieses Wandels liegt in der digitalen Währung, die bahnbrechende Veränderungen für die gesamte Gesellschaft mit sich bringt. Jenseits von Dollar und Euro oder Goldman Sachs und Deutscher Bank lässt die Kryptowährung das etablierte Finanzsystem alt aussehen. In ihrem Buch erklären die beiden Wirtschaftsexperten, wie sich bestehende Machtverhältnisse verschieben, wenn Regierungen und Zentralbanken keinen Einfluss auf die virtuelle Währung haben. Kreditkarten und PayPal werden überflüssig, Wirtschaftsbeziehungen werden umgewälzt, Oligopole ausgehebelt und geopolitische Strukturen neu geordnet.

What is cryptocurrency is a common question amongst new people who first hear about bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrencies are defined as digital assets used for medium of exchange with strong cryptography securing transactions, controlling possible creation of additional tokens or coins and verifying asset transfers. What is cryptocurrency backed by is another common question from people who are looking to get into crypto, and for that the answer is not so simple. Some of the cryptocurrencies are not backed by anything, and some of them are backed by physical assets.
CoinSwitch makes investing in cryptocurrency very simple. We have over 45,000+ cryptocoin exchange pairs available which you can trade with anonymously. CoinSwitch is the one-stop destination to trade or pushcase any cryptocurency with credit cards. Whether it is converting one crypto to another, or fiat to crypto currencies – we have it all covered, thats makes CoinSwitch the largest cryptocurrency exchange platform.
Homero Josh Garza, who founded the cryptocurrency startups GAW Miners and ZenMiner in 2014, acknowledged in a plea agreement that the companies were part of a pyramid scheme, and pleaded guilty to wire fraud in 2015. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission separately brought a civil enforcement action against Garza, who was eventually ordered to pay a judgment of $9.1 million plus $700,000 in interest. The SEC's complaint stated that Garza, through his companies, had fraudulently sold "investment contracts representing shares in the profits they claimed would be generated" from mining.[70]
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